(Monzón, 1846 - 1911)
"Joaquín Costa Martínez (Monzón (Huesca), 14 de septiembre de 1846-Graus (Huesca), 8 de febrero de 1911) fue un político, jurista, economista e historiador español, el mayor representante del movimiento intelectual conocido como regeneracionismo."
"Joaquín Costa (September 14, 1846, Monzón, Huesca Province February 8, 1911) was a Spanish politician, lawyer, economist and historian. The son of an Aragonese farmer and his first wife, Costa was self-educated and campaigned to end what he considered to be Spanish backwardness. He desired to start a movement that would force politicians to embark on a program of educational, social, and economic reform. According to Raymond Carr his ideas, known as 'Regenerationism' (scientific study of Spain's decline as a nation), rose to greater prominence in the aftermath of Spain's defeat in the SpanishAmerican War."